The heart of the Champagne region lies 90 miles (145km) northeast of Paris near the Belgian border.
It is generally divided into three parts – the Montagne de Reims, the Vallée de la Marne and the Côte des Blancs.
Of the regions 75,000 acres of vineyards, most and the greatest vineyards of Champagne, are planted in the département of the Marne.
Champagne and other sparkling wines vary in style and quality depending on where they are made (and by whom). The greatest factor is whether the wine is, in fact, Champagne. All Champagne is sparkling wine, but only the sparkling wine made in the Champagne region of France is really Champagne.
Champagne and other high-quality sparkling wines are produced using what has become known as the traditional method. This is made from a combination of all or some of the traditionally permitted grapes: Chardonnay, Pinot Noir and Pinot Meunier.